The J&K  Pollution Control Board was created vide order no.34 of 1987 Dt.03.08.1987. (vide SRO 88) under the provision of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The Board has been performing its duties assigned to it under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974  and under the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.  Additional responsibilities were assigned to the Board for enactment of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 ( EPA). The EPA had a large domain of regulatory and developmental function in the area of Environment Management which is an umbrella Act and various Rules made under this Act from time to time covering the various facets of Pollution.       
 Rules under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and EP Rules, besides 1974 Water Act and 1981 Air Act.
Various responsibilities have been assigned to the JK-PCB under the EP Act. An illustrative list of specific Rules which have been notified by the Govt. of India  for which JK-PCB has been charged with the responsibility of implementation , is given as under :-
·         Implementation of Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 as amended in 2003.
·         Implementation of Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 as amended in 2000.
·         Implementation of Plastic Manufacture, Sale & Usage Rules, 1999 as amended in 2003.
·         Implementation of Battery Rules, 2000.
·         Implementation of Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.
·         Implementation of Ozone Depleting Substances Rules, 2000.
·         Implementation of Noise Regulations, 2000 as amended in 2003.
·        Monitoring of Environmental Clearance conditions issued by the Central & State Environment Impact Assessment Authorities under Environment Impact Assessment notification 2006.
·         Implementation of Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling & Trans boundary Movement) Rules 2008.
·         Implementation of Regulation relating to Plastic Carry Bags ban, 2009.
·         Implementation of Fly Ash Notification , 2009.
·         Implementation of E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011